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Problem Animal
Whitetail Deer

Grouping Herbivore / Browser
Nicknames Suburban Cow, Shrub Muncher, Bambi, @#$%^&*!
Best Known For Wreaking havoc in the yard, wreaking havoc on the farm, and eliminating the under-story of the forest. Playing “chicken” on the highway. White underside of tail signifying warning/alert to other deer. Acute hearing and good nose.
Life Span 2 to 7 years.
Mating Season October through December.
Reproductive Details After a 7 month gestation period 1 to 3 young are born. Fawns drop April to June.
Habitat Woodland, farm fields, suburbia, and urban; requiring some cover for shelter/safety.
Activity Cycle Typically nocturnal, but are often active during the day as well.
Food Eat (browse) the branch tips of deciduous trees, bushes and some evergreens, as well as, acorns, farm crops, ornamental shrubbery, clover and ground covers, every plant of value to you!
Damage Signs Defoliated evergreens, nipped deciduous shrubbery and small trees, and pawed ground cover. Bark rubbed from tree trunks (buck rubs).
Treatment Odor and taste deterrents applied directly to affected plants. Motion detection equipment in combination with lights, water and noise. Patrol dogs. Minimum 8 foot high perimeter fences. Electric fencing and electrified mats. Some types/styles of cattle crossing grates. Many anecdotal home remedies. If there is someone feeding them, get them to stop! Whitetail deer do not do well if relocated, often resulting in death. Contraceptive research is still in its infancy. Herd reduction via legal hunting seasons and controlled sharpshooting efforts.
Distinguishing Sign and Features White belly, white throat patch, coat color varying from reddish summer coat to brown-gray in winter. Highly prized antlers (not horns) on male animals. Fecal matter deposits consist of piles or clumps of ½” round pellets (look like chocolate covered raisins, though the taste differs). Classic split hoof prints in mud, dirt and snow.
Risk and Disease Lyme disease risk. Automobile collisions. Rare but actual attacks on humans can occur especially during the fall mating season.
 

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