Reptiles / Cold Blooded
@#$%^&*! !!!!!!!! %&@@%&@@ #?*!^!?#
Best Known For
Showing up when least expected and “changing their
clothes” (skin shedding) in your basement and attic.
Would you change your pants in the middle of the street?
Northern Copperheads, Timber and Eastern Massasauga
rattlesnakes are the ONLY venomous snakes in the
Varies tremendously from a few to 20 years.
Spring to Fall depending on species. Rattlesnakes do not
become sexually mature for as long as 7 years.
One litter per year with a few to dozens of young born
per litter. Dependent upon species and environmental
Occurs from late summer through fall. Young snakes are
often seen in abundance during this time.
Includes open meadows, water, rocky areas, forest areas,
landscaped yards, flat paving stones, concrete porch
slabs, bark mulch beds, gold fish ponds, rock walls and
your basement and attic.
Active day and night from April
through October. Due to freezing
winter temperatures, snakes are
typically found below grade in
natural and manmade cavities
(i.e. porch slabs, crawl spaces,
hollow block walls) where
temperatures range in the low
50’s to low 60’s.
Food & Growth
Carnivores. Eat small insects to small and medium sized
rodents. Snakes will also feed on other snakes,
amphibians, birds and eggs. You are not on the menu!
Snakes shed their skin as they grow. Young snakes may
shed their skin up to 4 times a year while adults may
only shed 1 or 2 times per year.
Snakes do not damage structures
and do not dig holes (they have
no arms, legs, hands or feet).
However, they do take advantage
of construction gaps, and holes
created by other animals
including mice, rats, chipmunks,
squirrels, and areas of damage,
decay, and disrepair.
Limit food sources and shelter.
Landscape alterations. Trapping
and relocation through the use
of specialty traps including
glue and polypropylene netting.
Polypropylene netting works by
entangling the snake as it
threads itself through the
material like a string through
fabric. Snakes can be released
unharmed from glue boards with
baby or mineral oil applied
directly to the glue surface.
Sealing off entry into the
structure. Chemical repellants
provide very limited benefit –
they are mostly a placebo.
Education – learn to appreciate
the benefits of having snakes
Many snake species have similar
appearances to other species
often resulting in a large
number of snakes being
misidentified as a venomous
snake. Most snakes identified as
venomous are in reality harmless
species. Juvenile snakes often
look nothing like their adult
counterparts. If in doubt,
consult a professional. Your
neighbor’s identification is
likely incorrect especially if
they say: “Yup. It’s definitely
Non-venomous snakes provide
little risk beyond
self-inflicted pain caused by
our attempts to vacate the
premises during unexpected
encounters. Remember, they do
not carry a knife or a gun;
teeth are all that they have.
Venomous snakes would rather not
bite you if they do not have to;
however, if bitten venomous
bites can be potentially
life-threatening especially if
treatment is delayed.
Egg laying snakes prefer to
“nest” or deposit their eggs in
sand, soil, leaf litter, wood
piles, stumps and mulch where
eggs are protected. The decay
of these organic materials
creates the heat necessary to
incubate the eggs which, unlike
birds, are unattended by adult
snakes. “Nesting” inside a home
Live Birth: garter, eastern
water, northern brown,
copperhead, timber rattlesnake,
Egg Hatched: ring-neck, black rat, black
racer, hognose, milk, queen