S & S Wildlife Control Services, Inc
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Problem Animal
Rat

Grouping Rodents / Old World Rodents (Asian and European descent)
Nicknames Barn Rat, Water Rat, Sewer Rat, Pack Rat, Brown Rat,  !@#$%^&*
Best Known For   Invading our space. Creeping people out. Being smarter than you (too smart to catch). Invading food storage areas and hoarding things.
Life Span One to three years.
Mating Season Can be all year long if shelter and food are plentiful.
Reproductive Details After a gestation period of 21-23 days 4 to 7 young are born in a litter. Rats reach sexual maturity in 12 weeks. Breed again 4-5 days after giving birth to a litter.
Dispersal Communal animals creating colonies as food and shelter will support.
Habitat Urban, suburban, farm, industrial, commercial, everywhere people are.
Activity Cycle Rats are extremely adaptable and active day and night.
Food and Water Extreme opportunists. Rats eat everything we eat, our pets eat, and our livestock eat. Water is the rat’s “Achilles heel”.
Habits Neophobic - stay away from new things and sudden changes in their environment; therefore, they can be slow to respond to control methods. Rats create pheromone scent trails which provide an advantage for new rat recruitment.
Damage Signs Den holes in the ground. Tell tale earth piles at entrances. Holes chewed through wood and metal siding. Fecal matter in stored livestock supplies. Damaged insulation, piping and electrical wiring.
Treatment   Repair entry locations. Remove housing opportunities. Remove water and food sources. Trapping. The use of liquid and solid poisons.
Distinguishing Features Long, pointed nose. Long, mostly hairless, file tail. Brown to gray/black in color.
Diseases   Rats carry many diseases that effect human and animal populations. Norway rats can carry fleas associated with the black plague.
Den Site Typically underground and under supporting structures where available. Also under slabs, woodpiles, dog houses, sheds, swimming pool walkways, decorative ponds and brush piles. Inside homes in wall, ceiling and floor voids, attics and beneath bath and shower areas. All around us and with us.
 

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