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Problem Animal
Eastern Mole &
Star-Nose Mole

Grouping Insectivore, ‘M’ for Meat-eater
Nicknames Ground Mole, Moles are not gophers!, @#$%^&*!
Best Known For Bugs Bunny style humped travel tunnels under and throughout your yard.  Subterranean dwellers that make ‘mole hills’ resembling cow plops on top of the ground.
Life Span 1 to 3 years.
Mating Season March to June.
Reproductive Details After a 4 to 6 week gestation 2 to 8 young are born in a litter. 1 or 2 litters per year.
Habitat Eastern moles are built for “stiffer” soil conditions then star nose. Wooded lots, established yards, well drained soil, and your carefully maintained lawn. 

Star nose moles are at home in the water. Wet soil, creek bottoms, seeps, springs, ponds, damp soil and your carefully maintained lawn. 
Activity Cycle Active day and night all year round. Moles lead a solitary life except for mating and young rearing. Most average yards are affected by fewer then three moles and often only just one.  The young are only raised by the female and once mature will disperse from the area. Moles will abandon sites during times of drought seeking another location with ground moisture that will support earthworms and other insect food sources. They will retreat deeper into the soil when the ground freezes.  Mole hills are created when the soil is pushed ahead of the animal and up and out thru the surface of the ground rather then heaved up or compacted into the sides of the tunnels. Earth boils (mole hills) are common to both species.
Tunneling Rate 18 feet per hour in ideal soil types and conditions. Travel Rate 80 feet per minute both directions (soil dependent).
Food Primarily earthworms. Grubs and other insects are also on the menu. Plants are not utilized for food, but become damaged during foraging activities around root systems. Plant roots are in the way of getting dinner!
Damage Signs Long-running, humped, underground tunnels below the surface of lawn areas, mulch beds and wooded lots. Grass above the tunnels may burn or brown out during dry times because the roots have been cut off below the soil. Earth boils (mole hills). Can uproot newly planted or shallow rooted plants.

Long-running humped underground tunnels are less evident with star nose moles.   Earth boils are often plentiful and relatively close together where star nose are active. Earth boils (mole hills). Can uproot newly planted or shallow rooted plants.
Distinguishing Features Fur is hinged at the base to easily fold both forward and backward (never has a bad hair day!). Moles are not blind! Small and often well-hidden eyes are present but poorly developed. Large, heavy shovel-like front feet.  Moles are built to live underground and move dirt!
Treatment Trapping. Most poison baits have not proven effective. Chewing gum, kitty litter, fox urine, etc. have no lasting effect. Treating for grubs will help with skunks and raccoons but will not eliminate your mole problem.
 

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