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Problem Animal
Canada Goose

Resolving Canada Goose issues is one of our specialties
see other website dedicated to Canada Goose.
Grouping Waterfowl / Herbivore
Nicknames Canadian¯ Geese, Honkers, Lawn Cow, Winged Cow, @#$%^&*!
Best Known For Their distinct HONK. Unique coloration patterns with white cheek plates. V¯ flight pattern. Aggressive nest guarding. Leaving green tootsie rolls¯ on playing fields, parking lots & walkways.
Life Span 15 to 20 years.
Mating Season Geese become reproductively active their 3rd year of life. Mating occurs for life. Nest building and courtship begin in February and can extend well into April/May.
Reproductive Details 4 to 10 eggs with 5 to 6 on average. Eggs are 2-3 times the size of a chicken egg and white in color. One egg is laid per day until all eggs have been placed in the nest. Incubation begins at the same time for all eggs. Typically 1 clutch per year. Sometimes will re-lay eggs if nest is destroyed early in the incubation period.
Dispersal Family unit stays together through summer and some dispersal occurs through the fall. Resident geese do not migrate.
Habitat Open turf grass areas are preferred for feeding locations. Open waterways including rivers, ponds and lakes are preferred locations for protection from predators. Also, athletic fields, business parks, retention and detention pond areas and corporate campuses. Geese are very at home in our suburban environments. They are commonly seen nesting and living in housing subdivisions and business parks with detention ponds.
Activity Cycle  Nest selection and mating occur January through April. Molting (temporary loss and re-growth of flight feathers) occurs June and July. August to October young are mature and geese are often found pond-hopping. November thru January, resident geese may be absent due to heavy snow cover and ice; moving to areas with open water and accessible feed.
Food Graze on wild and cultivated plants. Fine bladed turf grasses are preferred; though other foods include algae, clover, wheat, millet, corn, barley and rye. Consume up to 4 pounds of grass per day.
Damage Signs Pond bank erosion from over-grazing and walking. Damaged turf areas due to over-grazing. Elevated fecal coloform levels in the water. Fecal matter present in turf areas and on sand beaches. Slip hazards on walk and parking areas. Geese produce up to two pounds of poop per day.
Treatment Various visual and audio harassment techniques. Egg treatment, roundups during molt, regulated shooting where permissible, trained dogs, fencing.
Risk and Disease Risk & Disease Aggressive nest guarding. Will flog and bite intruders (including humans). E-coli and salmonella related to fecal matter.
Nests Typically a hollowed out depression in gravel, rocks and earth. Often lined with a substantial amount of chest down. During egg laying the nest will often be camouflaged. In human environments, nests are often found in parking lot islands, shrubbery beds against buildings, elevated planting containers, and roof tops. Rooftop nesters will coax their goslings to jump off of the roof to the ground below. Their soft, squishy bodies break the fall, even on asphalt and concrete.
History & Phenomenon Resident geese have never been involved in any historical migration. They are born locally, stay local, and die local. The large high-flying flocks of geese barely visible from the ground, typically seen in the early spring and late fall, are their migrating and thus non-resident cousins. Migrating geese will stop locally on their travels north and south to rest, refuel, and have social time with distant relatives, just like people at Thanksgiving and Christmas. And just like people, who grow tired of  relatives, they eventually leave.

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